Severe neck pain can be debilitating and interfere with daily activities. When over-the-counter medications and home remedies aren’t providing enough relief, it’s important to explore other treatment options. The good news is there are several effective ways to find fast relief from severe neck pain.
For mild to moderate neck pain, over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve) are usually the first line of defense. They work by reducing inflammation that can cause neck pain. For severe neck pain, prescription strength NSAIDs may provide better relief.
Muscle relaxants like cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) or methocarbamol (Robaxin) can also help reduce muscle spasms and tension that contribute to neck pain. Used along with NSAIDs, muscle relaxants may provide significant pain reduction. However, these medications can cause side effects like drowsiness.
Topical pain relievers are another option, especially for localized neck pain. Creams, gels, patches, sprays or roll-ons with ingredients like lidocaine, capsaicin, menthol, or camphor work by numbing or warming the skin over painful areas. This can temporarily relieve severe neck pain. Opt for products designed specifically for neck application.
Hot and Cold Therapy
Simple hot and cold therapy can be very effective for severe neck pain caused by muscle spasms or joint stiffness. Cold packs (gel packs or a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel) can reduce inflammation and numb the pain. Apply a cold pack to the sore neck area for up to 20 minutes several times a day.
Heat helps improve blood flow and relaxes tight muscles. Try taking a warm shower or bath or placing a heating pad on the neck for up to 15 minutes a few times daily. Wrap frozen gel packs in a towel if the skin is sensitive. Avoid direct application of heat or ice to prevent burns or frostbite.
Hands-on treatments like massage or spinal manipulation performed by a licensed professional can provide considerable relief for severe neck pain. Therapeutic massage uses kneading, rubbing, and stroking motions to relax tight neck muscles. A few weekly sessions may significantly reduce pain.
Spinal manipulation like chiropractic adjustment aims to improve alignment and mobility of the neck vertebrae. A chiropractor performs quick and precise movements on the affected joints. Several sessions of spinal manipulation and mobilization can decrease severe neck pain.
Working with a physical therapist is highly beneficial for severe neck pain. A PT will identify areas of muscle tension, joint restriction, and weakness contributing to the pain. They can provide massage, stretching, mobilization, and myofascial release. Therapeutic exercise and postural training helps strengthen the neck, improve flexibility, and prevent future pain.
Epidural Steroid Injections
For severe neck pain that originates from inflamed nerves or spinal discs, an epidural steroid injection may help. A doctor injects anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication into the epidural space surrounding the spinal cord. Steroids decrease swelling to relieve pressure on nerves that cause pain. Most patients require at least two to three injections spaced weeks apart for sustained pain relief.
If more conservative treatments fail and the source of severe neck pain is a herniated disc or bone spur compressing nerves, surgery may be warranted. The most common procedures are cervical discectomy to remove a damaged disc or cervical foraminotomy to increase space between vertebrae for nerves. Recovery involves rest, wearing a neck brace, pain medication, and physical therapy. Though invasive, surgery can successfully eliminate severe neck pain.
Implementing healthy lifestyle habits and ergonomic changes can help prevent and manage severe neck pain episodes. Getting regular exercise boosts strength, flexibility, posture, and endurance. Maintain optimal neck support and alignment when sitting at a computer by adjusting your workstation setup. Use relaxation techniques like yoga, deep breathing, or meditation to reduce muscle tension. Stop smoking and lose excess weight to decrease inflammation. Proper sleep and stress management also lessen neck pain.
Severe neck pain left untreated can worsen over time. The most effective options for fast relief include over-the-counter medications, hot/cold therapy, massage, spinal manipulation, physical therapy, epidural injections, surgery, and lifestyle changes. See a doctor to determine the underlying cause and get a personalized treatment plan. Consistently applying these remedies can help manage severe neck pain.