Neck pain is an exceedingly common affliction, with most people experiencing some degree of neck discomfort in their lives. In many cases, neck pain resolves with little treatment or is easily managed at home with rest, heat/ice, over-the-counter pain medication, gentle stretches and exercises. However, sometimes neck pain can indicate an underlying condition which requires medical attention. So how do you know when neck pain warrants seeing a doctor?
What Causes Neck Pain?
Understanding what causes common neck pain can help determine if yours is serious. Some of the most frequent culprits of non-worrisome neck soreness include:
- Muscle strains from overuse, awkward positioning, or tension often cause dull or stiff neck discomfort. Pinched nerves or tense muscles may lead to muscle spasm neck pain.
- Poor posture leads to mechanical neck pain over time from imbalanced positioning.
- Injuries like whiplash from auto accidents commonly cause ligament strains or muscle tears.
- Degenerative disc disease causing compressed spinal nerves can result in neck pain, often with numbness or tingling. This is more common in older adults.
- Stress and emotional tension often manifest physically with neck tightness and pain.
When to Worry About Neck Pain
There are some signs that indicate when neck pain could be stemming from a more serious condition requiring medical care. Seek prompt medical attention if you experience:
- Sharp neck pain with no preceding injury
- Numbness, weakness in the arms or legs, clumsiness
- Headaches accompanied by fever, nausea, vomiting
- Pain remaining severe lasting over 1 week with no improvement
- Inability to touch chin to chest or turn head side-to-side
- Difficulty standing or walking
- Loss of bowel or bladder control (seek emergency care)
These red flags can indicate spinal injury, nerve impingement, infection, or other neurological conditions needing evaluation. Rarely, uncontrolled severe neck pain can signify meningitis, cancer, or spinal fracture. Have severe, unexplained neck pain assessed urgently.
When to See Your Doctor
Schedule a medical appointment to identify the underlying cause and appropriate treatment if you have:
- Chronic neck pain lasting over several weeks with minimal improvement
- Frequent reoccurring bouts of mild to moderate neck pain
- Difficulty sleeping due to neck discomfort
- Inability to alleviate pain with home treatment
Upon evaluation, your physician may order tests to pinpoint the source of recurring or worsening pain. These can include:
- Spinal X-rays to assess bone alignment or fracture
- MRI scans to view soft tissue spinal nerve impingement
- CT scans to inspect bone in more detail
- Electromyography to analyze nerve function
Once an accurate diagnosis is made, typical neck pain treatment options include:
- Prescription medications – analgesics, steroids, muscle relaxants
- Physical therapy for mobility exercises, massage, ultrasound heat therapy
- Chiropractic spinal manipulation
- Stress management education
- Ergonomic corrections to improve posture and mechanics
- Surgery if conservative measures fail – options range from minimally invasive spine surgery to neck fusion or disc repair operations
When to Follow Up
Be sure to follow up with your physician if initial neck pain treatment is not yielding improvement after several weeks or if symptoms worsen. Reporting lack of progress will prompt your doctor to reconsider the diagnosis and explore alternative treatment approaches. Ongoing communication with your health provider is key to finding the right solution for stubborn neck pain.
Knowing typical neck pain causes can clue you in if yours is routine or more ominous. Pay attention to any neurological signs or unexplained, unrelenting severe discomfort which needs quick evaluation. With an accurate diagnosis guiding targeted treatment, most neck pain can be effectively managed by a health professional.